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Mixed-Use Ain’t Always Pretty

Over the last couple of weeks I was made aware of the attempts by a community in Raleigh to determine once again, what they think looks right in a community. As far as I know, the accessory dwelling battle continues to happen in Raleigh and it’s cranked up again in DC. This latest situation is a bit different.

A woman wanted to take advantage of state funding for those who are willing to take care of developmentally disabled people. She built a staircase onto the exterior of her home in order to comply with state-mandated safety regulations for people who operate state-funded homes for disabled people.

Yet, her neighborhood association has slapped her with fines and demanded she tear down the staircase. All the usual arguments are there: property values, appearances, etc. Yet, to me, it speaks again to how housing and building codes, as well as incentives for a certain style of neighborhood, are pushing communities backward.

Communities are more than their buildings. If people can’t learn, make a living, raise a family, worship, or entertain themselves in a neighborhood, then there’s a problem. Even if one of the above is missing, one should still be able to have a link, that they don’t have to drive themselves or fill up with expensive fuel, to get there.

Furthermore, if we want to bring back the element of freedom to the American Dream, why are homeowners so worried about structural elements or even the appearance of more traffic or people than a house normally holds? Why do areas such as this one in Brooklyn get taken out by developers even though they are wildly successful? This is even more problematic in New York, as there are more connections to areas that have a different mix of retail. If urban planning at it’s core was began to deal with sanitation issues, then why has it evolved into or maintained elements that declare situations such as an abundance of working class occupations, housing, and businesses a nuisance? Let’s not even get started with the racial inequities built into what’s known as urban planning.

Yet, at the end of the day, we have to remember that mixed-use, which I’m going to define here simply as a community with multiple activities and types of activities, isn’t always pretty. The successful shopping district may not look like Michigan Avenue in Chicago. A home-based business may require an oddly placed staircase instead of an extra cell phone line. A granny pod in your backyard may be your only solution to age in place and next to your children and grandchildren.

Time is up for us to privilege looks over function. Especially if we expect everyone to buy into the “back to the city” placemaking movement and stop harassing those who don’t fit the mold of what neighborhoods should look like.

Image by Flickr user Shards of Blue.

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  • http://twitter.com/blackurbanist/status/291170882670428161/ Kristen Jeffers (@blackurbanist)

    Mixed-Use Ain’t Always Pretty http://t.co/vP4FzWUt #cities #familyandplace #issuesandideas #politicsofplace #retail

  • http://twitter.com/jm_mcgrath/status/291187992750608384/ @jm_mcgrath

    “Mixed use ain’t always pretty”, a plea to allow function even when it offends aesthetics. http://t.co/iF4F6JDD

  • Scott Doyon

    Great topic to dig into, Kristen. You raise a lot of interesting questions.

    At the core of what you’re getting at are two things: how amenable we are to the prospect of change; and who holds the power when change is at hand.

    The specifics of these can lead to some interesting ironies. For example, in Raleigh, the power lies with a private HOA, who has the legal authority to prevent change, whereas the Brooklyn example reflects the exact opposite problem: the neighborhood lacked the authority to protect itself. The power in that instance lay with the city, whose agenda was driven by economic potential. Ironically, if the residents in Brooklyn had possessed a regulatory tool as strong as the HOA in Raleigh, they could have prevented, or helped temper and shape, the redevelopment.

    Finally, in DC, you’ve got two concentrations of power duking it out: the city (and other progressive forces) vs. entrenched and affluent homeowners rising up to prevent change (with all the racial and social subtext you mention).

    Which is all to say that this is just one more example of how nuanced and complicated change can be. There is no tool that can universally fix things — what serves to protect diverse, mixed-use, human-scaled neighborhoods in one instance can be used to prevent them in another; and there’s no divorcing the politics of power from the aspirations of planning.

    Keep ‘em coming.

    • kristenej

      Thanks Scott! Yeah, the one thing I can say is that neighborhoods and individuals just need to be aware and be open. Organization helps and hurts. But there are neighborhood level solutions that are both civil and helpful. I hope that communities can be about finding more of those.

      Kristen Jeffers
      kjeffers2@gmail.com

  • http://twitter.com/APA_Virginia/status/291358162982944768/ APA Virginia (@APA_Virginia)

    Mixed-Use Ain’t Always Pretty | The Black Urbanist http://t.co/PDuaXhns via @blackurbanist http://t.co/1xWgZi1g

  • http://twitter.com/APA_Virginia/status/291562480617009152/ APA Virginia (@APA_Virginia)

    Mixed-Use Ain’t Always Pretty | The Black Urbanist http://t.co/PDuaXhns via @blackurbanist

  • cyclewrite

    I think there is happy compromise if people are a bit more open. I was vacationing on Nantucket Island, MA and just enjoying the historic, picturesque area. But a store owner reminded me of the strict bylaws to achieve that aura of lovely sameness.

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